Hair Loss: Types

Hair Loss: Types, Causes, Treatments,Prevention

Hair is an attribute of the human body and there is a significant distribution of this hair on the body. Some babies are born with scalp hair though others with less or no. With time, hair continues to grow and increase in volume. Androgenic hairs have the same growth pattern like the scalp hairs, but the scalp hair grows faster than the rest of the hair since it has a longer anagen phase and an extended dormant phase.

Scientifically, an individual has an average of 100,000 scalp hairs to 150,000 hairs. Each hair follicle is believed to be in its own phase, much as there are three main phases in the hair growth cycle that include;

  • Anagen phase
  • Catagen phase
  • Telogen phase

It is normal to lose at least 40 to 90 hair follicles in a day, but certain factors like a poor immune system, lifestyle, genetic, and environmental factors can cause excessive shedding, thinning, and a decreased volume of scalp hair which causes hair loss and baldness.

In addition, scalp conditions such as Folliculitis, Seborrheic Dermatitis, and Psoriasis can trigger hair loss.

The various Types of Hair loss, Causes, & Treatments

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is believed to be an autoimmune condition that causes the body cells to attack the hair follicles in given portions of the scalp. As a result, small bald spots will be realized in given locations of the scalp.

Alopecia areata can advance into other forms such as Alopecia Totalis, a condition that results in hair loss across the entire scalp and lastly Alopecia Universalis, a more advanced condition of Alopecia Totalis where there is an absence of hair on the entire scalp including the different facial regions such as the eyebrows and eyelids.


Autoimmune Dysfunction

Researchers are uncertain about the real cause of the autoimmune system to turn against the healthy cells. Scientists explain that Alopecia areata is genetically triggered and also, environmental factors can also trigger it

Examination & Diagnosis

Normally, alopecia areata is characterized by circular, distinctive, or patchy regions. These patches can be one or more in various sizes.

A hair transplant surgeon may choose to pull out a few hair strands to examine them or take a skin biopsy

Treatment of Alopecia Areatas

  • Corticosteroids
  • Anthralin
  • Minoxidil
  • Topical Ciclosporin
  • Topical Coal Tar
  • Topical Creams

Telogen effluvium

The telogen phase is part of the hair growth cycle which is basically between two and six years. During the telogen phase, hair sheds and gets replaced by the new hair and from there, the entire will begin afresh.

Basically, 16% of your hair is in the telogen phase, whereas 84% are in the anagen phase, which is the growth phase.

In case of Telogen Effluvium hair loss, the hair growth cycle is interchanged as the majority will remain in the telogen phase and the minority in the anagen phase.

Telogen Effluvium Hair Loss is characterized by thinner hairs and the condition affects both males and females.


Physical and psychological stress is believed to trigger telogen effluvium. It can occur after childbirth, illness, or any traumatic event.


Luckily enough, hair loss, in this case, is reversible. Motivation and freeing yourself from stress can help the hair growth cycle get back in line. However, Minoxidil, a hair growth stimulant is advisable by hair transplant surgeons or dermatologists

Androgenetic Alopecia

It is one of the commonest forms of hair loss in India today. Androgenetic Alopecia affects both sexes (males and females). The latest studies indicate that male androgenetic alopecia takes an average percentage of 73 whereas female androgenetic alopecia takes a percentage of 25.

Androgenetic alopecia commonly attacks the crown and the temple regions of the scalp in males, whereas, in females, it causes thinning on the side of the scalp before causing a bald patch.

However, androgenetic alopecia’s progression in males significantly differs in males and that in females. There are also various degrees of baldness that at times erode one’s natural hairline


Androgenetic Alopecia is commonly associated with genetics, but DHT (Dihydrotestosterone), a hormone that binds to the androgen receptors is believed to cause hair loss. Initially, the hair shrinks and eventually, it will stop growing, forming a bald patch.

Androgenetic Alopecia Treatment

Various treatment approaches can be undertaken to combat or reduce the effect of androgenetic alopecia and treatments include;

  • Oral medications
  • Topical treatments
  • Supplements
  • Laser treatments
  • Scalp Micropigmentation
  • Hair Transplant
  • Minoxidil
  • Finasteride
  • Therapies (PRP & Mesotherapy)

Involutional Alopecia

Many individuals are unfamiliar with this type of hair loss, yet commonly experience it. Involutional Alopecia is a type of hair loss where one’s hair reduces in volume and thickness commonly due to age.


Primarily, aging is a factor of life that alter’s many aspects of one’s body. This includes the hair growth cycle. With age, one’s hair growth cycle is shortened. This means that one’s hair will enter into the resting phase quicker than before and the anagen phase will automatically be affected, causing a reduction in one’s hair density and volume

Involutional Alopecia T reatment

Since aging is part of life, there are at least various things applicable to control hair thinning such as;

  • Supplements (Vitamins and antioxidants)
  • Having a balanced diet (fish, vegetables, & proteins)
  • Proper sleep patterns
  • A healthy lifestyle

Tinea Capitis Treatment

Tinea Capitis is an infection that triggers hair loss. With this condition, one will realize one or more patches on the scalp and the affected areas tend to be inflamed, itchy, and scaly.


It is an infectious condition, meaning that it can easily spread from one individual to another or child to child.

It is an infectious condition, meaning that it can easily spread from one individual to another or child to child.

Tinea Capitis “Ringworm”

Antifungal drugs like griseofulvin is an effective hair loss treatment in India for Tinea Capitis type of hair loss. Treatment lasts for 7 to 9 months, depending on the severity and it is in most cases administered orally.

Traction Alopecia

This particular type of hair loss is commonly witnessed in African Americans or Africans, though present among the Europeans and Asians. It is a type of hair loss that occurs on the edges of the hairline due to straining of the hair. Force can be through regular hairstyles or braiding the hair tightly.


  • Pulling the hair tightly
  • Wearing headgears
  • Unfriendly hairstyles


With traction alopecia, hair normally grows back once tight hairstyles are ceased. Also, Traction Alopecia is believed to be associated with medical and hormonal conditions that require attention

Consulting a hair specialist can help you combat traction alopecia

Hair Loss Prevention

There are various ways through which you can prevent hair loss in the modern era. These include;

Healthy lifestyle

It is advisable to consume less alcohol, quit smoking and drugs in case you desire a fuller head. At times, genetics can trigger faster hair loss, meaning that habits can escalate one’s chances of hair loss.

Consulting a dermatologist or a hair transplant surgeon

Cases, where androgenetic alopecia runs through one’s family, can be tackled by attaining treatments to prevent earlier hair loss. Topical treatments or drugs can be recommended to prevent hair loss

Maintaining a proper sleeping pattern

It is advisable to formulate a sleeping schedule that one must follow on a regular basis. Sleep for at least 8 hours and follow the regime

Stress Relievers

Avoid or find various solutions to your stress. In this way, regular exercises are recommended, walking and listening to music will help you. Find company and share your worries for solutions